Option 1: Prepare the insurance card plan in advance - just start to prepare
Option 2: Prepare the insurance card plan in advance - the medium-term insurance card plan (two years before the expiration)
Option 3: Regular insurance card program - regular (9 months in advance) policy
Option 4: Expedited insurance card program - three months to complete the insurance card program
Option 5: expired insurance card program - PR card expired insurance card program
Option 6: Through train program - PR Card + Naturalization Train
Depending on when the applicant has obtained permanent resident status and how long PR card is valid, there may be a corresponding plan to retain PR card.
One of the more important factors in retaining PR Card is whether the applicant has lived for two years in the five years prior to the application date. Therefore, the length of time to become a permanent resident before the application and the validity period of PR Card will be It has important reference value for the formulation of the plan to retain PR card.
Option 1: Prepare the insurance card plan in advance - the plan to start preparation just after landing
It is considered a wise choice when the applicant has just landed in Canada to prepare for the retention of PR Card for the next five years. Because, because there are still five years of PR card, the applicant has enough time and space to prepare for the preservation of PR Card, and in addition to the smooth preservation of PR Card, it can also be in this PR Card cycle. , created a good condition for naturalization.
The Canadian Immigration Act provides for the replacement of PR Cards:
1. The residence obligation of the permanent resident is: if you have lived in Canada for two years in any five years, you are eligible to renew the next five-year new PR Card;
2. The period for applying for renewal of a new PR card is usually about 6 months;
3. After the approval of the new PR Card, the Canadian Immigration Service will issue a notice of receipt of the new PR Card to the applicant within four weeks.
4. After receiving the card notification, it will usually be arranged to let the applicant hold the notice within a few weeks and collect the new PR Card from the local office of the Immigration Bureau.
5. The approved new PR Card will be kept for 180 days (6 months) for the applicant. After more than 180 days, the new PR Card will be returned to PR Card Review Center for destruction.
The Canadian Immigration Law provides for citizenship:
1. The residency obligation of a Canadian citizen to be naturalized is to be eligible to apply for naturalization in Canada if he has lived in Canada for three years in any four years;
2. The application period for Canadian citizenship is 12 months to 18 months (ie one year to one and a half years);
3. After the application is approved, the student will take the naturalization test and interview. After passing the exam and the interview, he will swear and sing.
Applicants who have just landed in Canada can begin preparations for historical records and preparations for residency in advance so that they can be provided to the Canadian Immigration Service as needed in the future as evidence of the performance of the relevant residency obligations in Canada.
Option 2: Prepare the insurance card plan in advance - the medium-term insurance card plan - the two-year insurance policy plan before the expiration
When the applicant's PR Card is valid for two to two and a half years, the applicant may consider changing the card at this point in time. This type of card change is called the safety PR card method by the industry. That is to say, if the card is replaced at this time, since PR card is valid for more than two years, no matter how long the applicant has lived in Canada in the past three years. The applicant has at least two years to reside in Canada to meet the requirements of the Immigration Service regarding the performance of residency obligations for two years in five years.
Therefore, it is in full compliance with the law to change PR card at this point in time, as the applicant has sufficient time to perform the lower residence time (ie two years, or 730 days) of retaining PR Card.
For those who are valid for two to two and a half years in PR Card, and in the next two years or more, there may be a large number of applicants who need to leave Canada (such as returning to China frequently in the next two years, or It is very necessary for people from other countries to travel and do business before they leave the country to get a new PR card and then leave Canada.
According to the current regulations of the Canadian Immigration Service, as long as the application for a new PR Card:
1. Whether it is to change PR card or to change PR Card in the medium term;
2, no matter what reason for renewing PR card (never get PR Card, PR Card is lost, PR Card is damaged, PR Card is expired, the accompanying Canadian spouse, the permanent resident spouse accompanying the full-time assignment, or the applicant is full-time Expatriate)
3. Whether it is fulfilling the obligation of full residence or failing to fulfill the obligation of full residence in the past few years;
The new PR Cards are valid for five years and are valid for five years from the date of renewal of the new PR Card.
For the above reasons, the applicant can change PR in this safe way in the medium term (ie, PR card has more than two years of validity, or within one year, two years, or three years after receiving PR card). card.
Of course, this change of PR card is also a disadvantage. The disadvantage is that it is a waste of two years of PR card validity.
This kind of PR card retention scheme is relatively safe, relatively simple, and low in cost.
Option 3: Regular insurance card program - regular time (6 months) insurance card program
When the permanent resident's PR Card is about 6-10 months before the expiration, it is time to prepare for the renewal of the new PR Card, because the total time for the Canadian Immigration Service to change PR Card is usually from the following time periods. composition:
First time period: (usually 1 month, depending on the progress of each applicant):
Prepare to apply for a new PR Card:
1. Prepare application materials;
2, according to PR card photo;
3. Pay the government fee for PR Card;
4. Fill in the application form for renewing the new PR Card;
5. Set a new PR Card Application Form Set to the Immigration Bureau
Second time period: (half a month) submit application to PR Card Review Center
The third period: (5 months) apply to enter PR Card Review Center and start queuing
The fourth time period: (1 day-15 days) the immigration officer processes the application and decides whether to approve
The fifth time period: (1 month) waiting for the immigration bureau to issue a new PR card to receive the notice
Sixth time period: (15 days - 30 days) to prepare for the new PR card (usually a Canadian driver's license, medical card or student ID card, or other valid Canadian proof of identity)
The sixth time period: (1 week - 1 month) get the new PR card to receive the notice, waiting for the card
The seventh time period: (half day) go to the local immigration office to take the new PR card
Most applicants will use a regular insurance policy. Although this method is safer, it should not be taken lightly, because this time period is just the time required to complete all the processes. The reason why it is safer is that there must be certain risks. The reason is that if there is any problem in one part of the application process, for example, the documents that should be provided are temporarily unavailable, which will cause the expected time to be delayed. It is a pity that artificially caused PR card to expire.
In some cases, it is possible that PR Card Review Center requires the applicant to submit additional materials, or if some or all of the submitted application documents are unqualified, then there will be twists and turns, it is necessary to add missing or incomplete or Application documents or application forms that do not meet the requirements.
Option 4: Expedited insurance card program - Expedited insurance card program before expiration
When the applicant's PR Card is less than 3 months before the expiration date, if the application is changed according to the routine change of PR Card, it may be possible to obtain the approval of the new PR Card or wait for the notice. At the time, or while waiting for the specified card-taking date, the applicant's old PR Card has expired. Once the old PR Card expires, the applicant will not be able to enter Canada to receive the new PR Card in the usual way. Therefore, when the applicant's PR Card is less than 3 months before it is about to expire, it is recommended to apply for an updated application for PR Card.
The so-called expedited insurance card, said the popular point, is to apply to PR Card Review Center, skip thousands of applications that are queued, and directly request PR Card Review Center to immediately process my new PR Card renewal application.
Is this legal? The answer is yes, that is to say, it can be expedited. However, the Maple Card Review Center must explain the reasons for the expedited. There are many reasons for rushing, such as:
1. Parents need serious care for serious illness;
2. Participate in the graduation ceremony of children attending school in China;
3. Participation in the wedding of friends due to the promulgation of the new immigration law;
4. Need to participate in the signing of an important contract;
In order to prove the reason for the expeditedity to PR Card Review Center, it must be done:
1. Attach the recent departure ticket from Canada to the application documents. This kind of ticket for expedited evidence must meet the requirements for purchasing the ticket (see the relevant page of the company website);
2, try to make the application documents carefully, and do a comprehensive, save the work file because the application documents do not meet the requirements of the immigration, resulting in wasted time;
3. The application must be submitted by registered mail and indicated on the envelope. The expedited supporting documents are included in the application documents. Providing only the itinerary is not eligible for an expedited application.
At present, the Immigration Bureau has strengthened the review, and due to the increase in the number of applicants, the backlog of a large number of application materials has caused the processing time of PR cards to slow down, and sometimes the queue time is as long as 8 months.
Therefore, if the applicant's PR Card is valid within a few months, it is necessary to consider applying in accordance with the expedited plan. Usually, the queue waiting period for expedited applications is within one month, and all the time periods for re-issuing will not exceed 55 days.
Option 5: expired insurance card program - Maple card expired insurance card program
What should I do if the applicant's PR Card has expired?
1. First of all: the immigration law only stipulates that Canadian permanent residents must meet the residency obligations of two years in five years before they can renew the new PR Card. As for whether PR Card expires or not expired, it is not a focus of attention. The focus of attention is Whether the applicant has fulfilled the residency obligation of accumulating two years of residence in the past five years. Therefore, when PR Card expires, there are several possible situations:
1) After two years of living in the past five years, PR Card can be renewed as it expires;
2) If the residence obligation of two years has not been fulfilled in the past five years, but the three exemptions of the Canadian Immigration Act are met, PR Card can be renewed as it expires;
3) If you have not fulfilled your residency obligations for two years and do not meet the three exemptions of the Canadian Immigration Act, PR Card will expire depending on the circumstances, whether other conditions are met, and if certain conditions are met, there are still May have expired PR cards renewed;
4) If the above conditions are not met and the specific conditions are not met, it is necessary to use a special method, reasonable, reasonable, and legal to get the expired PR card to be renewed, but this process may take a long time.
2. Secondly, the expiration of PR Card does not represent the loss of permanent resident status. For example, some permanent residents live, work, study, and do not leave Canada after landing, so PR Card is a permanent resident of Canada. After returning to Canada and entering Canada, you must present a valid immigration entry visa to the customs. Therefore, as long as you do not leave Canada and do not go out to Canada, you do not need a PR Card. Even if PR Card expires, you do not need to change PR Card on time. Until one day, this permanent resident needs to leave Canada, and wants to return to Canada in the usual way (such as by plane, ship, train, bus and other public transport), before leaving Canada, replace his expired PR card with After the new PR card, you can go out to Canada.
3. Later: What should I do if the permanent resident is outside Canada if PR Card expires? Then if:
1) In the past five years, the applicant has lived in Canada for two years or
2) I have not fulfilled my residency obligations for two years in the past five years, but I have fulfilled three exemptions from the Canadian Immigration Law.
a) You can apply for a new PR Card according to the regular plan or the expedited plan. After the new PR Card is approved, apply for a one-time travel document for permanent residents at the visa office in Canada. (Note that it is a one-time travel document. Instead of a tourist visa, the difference between the two is that the one-time travel document is an immigrant visa and is a one-time, is issued to a permanent resident of Canada; and the tourist visa is a non-immigrant visa, which can be one-time or multiple times. Is issued to non-Canadian permanent residents)
b) To apply for a one-time travel document at the visa office in Canada, you must complete the relevant form and submit the original passport to the visa office.
3) In the past five years, I have not fulfilled my two-year residency obligations and I have not met the three exemptions of the Canadian Immigration Law.
a) You can apply for a new PR card according to the regular plan or the expedited plan. When the new PR Card is approved, you can enter Canada through the United States.
b) In this way, a US visa is required, and the US visa is issued in which country (issued in China, issued in Canada, issued in the US, and issued in other countries) Yes, but it must be valid and legal.
Scheme 6: Through train program - PR Card + Naturalization Through Train Scheme
Option 6 can be selected when the applicant wants to consider retaining PR card and naturalization.
There are two things that keep PR Card and Canadian citizenship, and there are different places in the same place.
1. The same place is:
Retaining PR Card and Canadian citizenship requires a certain period of time to live in Canada for a certain period of time.
2. The different places are:
1) Responsibilities for residence: permanent residents are occupied for two years in any five years; citizenship is: three years in Canada for any four years;
2) If permanent residents are unable to fulfill their residency obligations, there are three exceptions. Citizens must fulfill their residency obligations without any exceptions;
3) Permanent residents can renew their new PR Cards as long as they fulfill their residency obligations. Citizens must also take the Canadian Common Sense Test and the English and French Language Proficiency Interview before they become naturalized.
4) PR Card is relatively loosely reviewed, and citizen censorship is relatively strict; however, historical records and residence records may be required;
5) The failure to obtain approval for the permanent resident's new PR Card may result in the loss of permanent resident status; citizenship does not approve the identity of the permanent resident.
6) After the permanent resident New PR Card is approved, it will be applied again every five years; once the citizen is naturalized, it can be used once and for all.
7) After obtaining the new PR Card, the permanent resident will have to fulfill the two-year residence obligation in the next five years; after the citizenship, the citizen can choose to live in Canada for any length of time in any country outside Canada, that is, no longer have immigration supervision. The problem.
8) If a family member of a family holds a PR card instead of a Canadian citizenship, they usually cannot guarantee the permanent resident status of other family members; but if someone in the family wants to become a citizen, then he can At the time of naturalization, the children of underage (these children must have a PR card but may not fulfill the residence obligations of the permanent resident) apply together to become a Canadian citizen. And once you become a Canadian citizen, you can live and stay with your partner, allowing your spouse and underage children's PR card to be retained and reissued.
Therefore, any permanent resident who wants Canadian citizenship can be prepared by keeping PR Card and citizenship. Such as historical records and residence records. This will retain PR Card and citizenship and prepare for the naturalization of PR Card.
Due to the strict residence obligations of the naturalization requirements and the long waiting period for applications, it is usually only after PR Card has been obtained or the new PR Card has just been renewed, and the citizenship is immediately applied. The advantage of this is that Complete the entire process of citizen citizenship within a complete PR Card cycle. If the citizenship is not completed within a PR Card cycle, PR Card will need to be replaced.
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